Guatemala Guatemala History
Antigua has been the capital of the entire Audiencia de Guatemala for over 200 years, including the city of Guatemala City, the largest city in Guatemala and the second largest in the world. It is a charming old colonial town that for many years was home to a large number of people from all walks of life and many different ethnic groups, from the indigenous to the rich.
At that time, most of modern Central America was surrounded by an administrative unit known as the Spanish Captains General of Guatemala. The physical boundaries of the ancient Mayan Empire stretched from the present - now the Guatemalan border to the north and south of Antigua - and the territory that covers most of Central America, including the southern Mexican state of Chiapas, became home to many different ethnic groups, from indigenous peoples to colonial settlers to native peoples of Mexico.
Other cities and states in present-day Guatemala include Quirigua, known for its detailed steles, and Guatemala City. The monastery of El Carmen was founded here at the end of the 1620s and was the main purpose of the existence of the city, as was Retalhuleu. In Guatemala, there is no doubt that the Santa Marta earthquake has changed the history of Guatemala, but it was only one of many great events in Guatemala's history.
The city was slowly rebuilt and is still the capital of the province of Sacatepequez, after which it was named when Guatemala became a member of the United Provinces of Central America, the first of its kind in the world. The Guatemalan provinces were part of what was also called the "United Pro-Provinces of Central America." The newly independent country decided to join what would later become the Central American Federation, which included Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras. After the end of World War II and the formation of Guatemala's first national government in 1946, it was incorporated into the "Central American" conglomerate, but remained politically connected with its neighbors before going it alone.
The modern city was founded in 1776 as the capital of the Captain General of Guatemala and replaced Antigua (Guatemala). It was the home of the Audiencia de Guatemala, which included the government, the army and the navy, as well as a number of other government institutions.
Guatemala briefly became part of the Mexican Empire, but newly independent Mexico quickly annexed it. In 1823, Guatemala reaffirmed its independence and led a rebellion on July 1, 1821 against the colonial government of Mexico City and the United States of America, which was quickly annexed by Mexico. Guatemala City became the capital of a new Central American United Province that includes Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama. After the disintegration of the Federation during the Civil War of 1838-1840, it belonged to a federation called the "United Pro-Provinces" of Central America.
Today, Antigua is one of the most important cities in Central America and the second largest city in the world, and it offers a vast and rich history and culture. Spanish churches line the cobbled streets of colonial cities, abandoned towns hidden deep in the rainforest, Guatemala is a treasure waiting to be discovered. Guatemala's history, as well as the treasures hidden throughout Central America, such as gold, diamonds, silver, gold and precious metals.
Guatemala has one of the oldest recorded human history in the world, with evidence dating back to 18,000 BC. Although modern Guatemala's history began with the arrival of the Spanish, the Mayas have been here since the beginning of time. Mayan history shows that people in Guatemala lived since at least 4,500 BC and possibly even earlier.
Antigua, Guatemala is one of the most visited cities in the country, and its history begins with the Spaniards who moved the capital and all their operations for the region to Guatemala City. Today, Guatemala City is the second largest city in the world and the second largest port in Latin America, but it was also a pivotal point in the struggle for Central American independence. Guatemala City is now the U.S. Embassy in Guatemala and the headquarters of the United Nations.
Guatemala is steeped in Mayan history and many aspects of this ancient civilization have been preserved to this day. Guatemala was once part of the Mayan civilization that stretched across Mesoamerica and included much of what would later become modern - today's Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala City. The Maya produced some of America's most brilliant civilizations, in an area stretching from Copa (now Honduras) to Guatemala and Belizing to Mexico's Yucata Peninsula.
Historians believe that the region that now includes Guatemala included small kingdoms and cities - states whose existence, many of which are still found in Guatemala today, flourished. Santiago de Guatemala (today Antigua) is a national monument and was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. The Santiago de Guatemala as we know it today is another national monument, and there is clear evidence that 38 places of worship, including a cathedral, were built in the area of Antigsua in the first half of the 20th century, which has since developed into Antigsua.